Virtual University Pakistan

Virtual University Pakistan

Past Papers, Handouts, Projects, Online Lectures, Books, Date Sheets, Guess Papers, Results, Admissions and many more…….for Virtual University

Business & Labor Law Notes

Business & Labor Law Notes Click on your required topic: Introduction to business and labor laws & legal system of Pakistan Concepts and definitions of law Classification & sources of law Contract act – scope & significance Contract act – definition & scope Consideration & essentials of contract Contracts – essentials and kinds Kinds & legal capacity of parties to …

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Principles of Management Notes

Principles of Management Notes Click on your required topic: Historical overview of Management Management and Managers Managerial Roles in Organizations Managerial Functions i.e. POLCA Managerial Levels and Skills Management Ideas: Yesterday and Today Classical View of Management (Scientific and Bureaucratic) Administrative View of Management Behavioral Theories of Management Quantitative, Contemporary and Emerging Views of Management  System’s View of Management and …

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Money & Banking Notes

Money & Banking Notes Click on your required topic: Five parts of the financial system Five core principles of money and banking Money & the payment system Other forms of payments Financial intermediaries Financial instruments & financial markets  Financial institutions Time value of money Application of present value concepts Bond pricing & risk Measuring risk Evaluating risk Bonds & bonds …

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Cost & Management Accounting Notes

Cost & Management Accounting Notes Click on your required topic: Cost classification and cost behavior Important terminologies Financial statements Problems in preparation of financial statements Material Control over material  Economic ordering quantity Accounting for losses Labor Payroll and incentives Piece rate base premium plans Labor turnover and labor efficiency ratios & factory overhead cost Allocation and apportionment of FOH cost …

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Financial Accounting II Notes

Financial Accounting II Notes Click on your required topic: Types of Business Entities Formation of Companies and Meetings Relationships between Companies Preparation and Presentation of Financial statements Property, Plant and Equipment Revaluation of Assets Property, Plant & Equipment and Borrowing Cost  Intangible Assets – Companies Ordinance 1984 Intangible Assets – IAS 38 & Investment in Associates Other Non Current Assets …

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Communication Skills Notes

Communication Skills Notes Click on your required topic: Communication Levels of Communication Interpersonal Communication Communication in the Organization Communication Destination Listening Improving Your Listening Skills Nonverbal Communication Barriers to Communication Overcoming Communication Barriers Speech Thesis Statement Introduction The body Modes of Delivery Strategies for Effective Oral Delivery Making a Good Speech Handling Questions & Answers Responding Questions & Answers Significance …

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Microeconomics Notes

Microeconomics Notes Click on your required topic: Markets and prices The basics of supply and demand Elasticities of supply and demand Consumer behavior Marginal utility and consumer choice Individual and market demand Choice under uncertainty Production Theory of costs Perfectly competitive markets Equilibrium in perfectly competitive markets Profit maximization and competitive supply The analysis of competitive markets Market structure and …

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Introduction To Business Notes

Introduction To Business Notes Click on your required topic: Introduction Organizational boundaries and environments Business organization Sole proprietorship and its characteristics Partnership and its characteristics Joint stock company Legal documents issued by a company Winding up of company Cooperative society Who are managers? Human resource management Staffing Staff training & development Business manager’s responsibility profile Compensation and benefits Strategies for …

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Business and Technical English Writing Notes

Business and Technical English Writing Notes click on your required topic: Lecture 1 Lecture 2 Lecture 3 Lecture 4 Lecture 5 Lecture Lecture 7 Accuracy, Clarity, Conciseness and Coherence Lecture 8 The Seven C’s of Effective Communication I Lecture 9 The Seven C’s of Effective Communication II Lecture 10 The Seven C’s of Effective Communication III Lecture 11 The Seven …

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Fundamentals of Auditing Notes

Fundamentals of Auditing Notes Click on your required topic: Fundamentals of auditing an introduction Objective and general principles governing an audit of financial statements Reasonable assurance Legal consideration regarding auditing Rights, duties and liabilities of auditor Liabilities of an auditor Books of account & financial statements Understanding the entity and its environment and assessing the risks of material misstatement Documenting …

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