Guess Paper Chemistry Long Questions 2nd Year 2015


Guess Paper Chemistry Long Questions 2nd Year 2015

Note: All published material contains an informatory data which is only gathered for educational purpose. These guesses are prepared after detailed analysis of past five years exams. Our entire team and/or publishers are not responsible in case of variation in assumed results and outcomes. However the purposes of attempted efforts are to provide accurate and effective knowledge to the readers, in any case our entire team and/or publishers will not be responsible for the accuracy or misusage of all published material.

Latest Important Questions for 2016




Question # 1

State three reactions of zinc with nitric acid considering its concentration and temperature


Explain the properties and uses of nitric acid


Nitric acid is mostly used in the manufacture of fertilizers and explosive However it can also be used to dissolve noble metals such as gold and platinum. Briefly explain the chemistry of this property.


Compare the reactions of phenol with that of ethanol. Discuss the difference if any


Starting from ethane, outline the reaction for the preparation of following compounds

  1. Ethylene dibromide
  2. Ethyne
  3. Formaldehyde

Question # 2

Define the position isomerism giving at least one example of each


Define functional group isomerism and give an example.


Define isomerism. Explain its type

Question # 3

Compare the reactivity of alkenes and alkynes


Explain the acidic character of alkynes with two examples


Why do alkyne show acidic nature?


Define alkynes? How it is prepared? Give its properties and uses?


Write down the reaction of alkyl halides

Question # 4

Explain the structure of benzene on the basis of atomic orbital treatment


Explain the discovery of the structure of benzene?


Explain the stability of Benzene.


Explain the structure of benzene in the light atomic orbital treatment.

Question # 5

What are amino acids? Give their two methods of preparation


What are ct-amino acids, proteins and peptides? How are they related?


Give two method of preparation and two reactions of amino acids


Write a short note on acidic and basic character of amino acids.


How are amino acids visualized during paper chromatography?

Question # 6

Describe with diagram, the manufacture of sodium by down’s cell


Describe the commercial preparation of sodium by Down’s cell. What are advantages of this process?


Describe preparation of sodium hydro Side by Nebon Diaphragm Cell


Explain the commercial preparation of Sodium Hydroxide by the Diaphragm cell?

Question # 7

Define hybridization. Discuss the structure of ethyne on its basis


Define SP3 and SP2 hybridization; give one example in each case


Explain SP2 hybridization along with describing structure of ethane


Write down the process of hybridization of orbital and shapes of molecules

Question # 8

Describe one method each for the preparation of ethane and ethyne. How would you establish that benzene is a polymer of acetylene?


Starting from ethane, outline the reactions for preparation of the following compounds

  1. Ethylene dibromoethane
  2. Ethyne
  3. Ethane
  4. Ethylene glycol
  5. Formaldehyde

Question # 9

Write three methods of preparation of benzene


Describe the structure of benzene on the basis of resonance methods


Explain the structure of benzene in the light of atomic orbital treatment

Question # 10

What are SN reactions? Differentiate between SN1 and SN2 reactions


Explain SN1 reaction. Why are 50% inverted and 50% retention products obtained?

Question # 11

Convert the following:

  • Propyne into acetone
  • Ethyne into oxalic acid
  • Acetic acid into methane
  • 1-propanoline 1-chloro
  • 2-propanol
  • Propene into 2-bromopropane
  • Ethane into ethyne

Question # 12

Explain reforming of petroleum with the help of suitable example

Question # 13

Define Friedel Crafts reactions. Give mechanism with an example of Friedel-Craft’s acylation reaction


Describe the Friedel-Crafts acylation of benzene with mechanism


Write a note on Friedel-Craft’s reaction

Question # 14

How steel can be manufactured by Bessemer’s process?


Explain Bessemer’s process?


What is the difference between wrought iron and steel?


Explain open hearth process for the manufacture of steel


What is the use of Aluminium in Bessemer’s process?

Question # 15

Write down the mechanism of the reaction between acetic and ethanol


Write down the mechanism of conversion of acetic acid to

  1. Acetyl chloride
  2. Acetamide


Write down the mechanism of reaction between acetic acid and thionyl chloride

Question # 16

What do you mean by Smog? Discuss its types and give conditions for formation of smog


What is smog? Give condition for the formation of a smog

Question # 17

Discuss various periods in the modern periodic table


Discuss the position of hydrogen in group IV – A of periodic table


Justify position of hydrogen at the top of group IA and VIIA in the periodic table


Discuss the position of hydrogen over 7th-A group.


Explain the similarities and dissimilarities of hydrogen with other groups?

Question # 18

What products are formed when the following compounds are treated with ethyl magnesium bromide, followed by hydrolysis in the presence of an acid?

  1. HCHO
  2. CH3CHO
  3. (CH3)2 CO
  4. C/CN

Write methods for purification of water; explain the process of disinfection of water by chlorine


Discuss the hydrolysis of triglyceride and reaction of triglyceride with an alkali.


Give peculiar behaviors of alkali metal.

Question # 19

What is Grignard reagent? And how it can be prepared?


Explain structure and reactivity and give reaction of Grignard reagent?

Question # 20

Define cement? Give its compounds and how it can be manufactured


What do you understand by the term “setting of cement? Also discuss the changes which take place in first 24 hours.

Question # 21

How is bleaching powder prepared by Beckmann’s method?

Question # 22

How do tertiary alkyl halides undergo nucleophilic substitution reaction? Give a detailed general mechanism.

Question # 23

What are lipids? How the fats and oils are different? Also give its structure and composition?

Question # 24

How does acid deposition occur? What are its effects on environment?

Question # 25

Give the order of strength of oxy acid of halogen. Also explain the order of strength of oxy acids.

Question # 26

How does Nitrogen differ from other elements of its group?


Explain the occurrence of nitrogen and explain its different compounds?

Question # 27

Three different alkenes yield 2-Methylbutane when they are hydrogenated in the presence of a metal catalyst. Give their structures and write the equation for the reactions too.

Question # 28

Explain the Electrochemical theory for protecting the metal from corrosion.

Question # 29

Explain bleaching process in the paper industry.


Why bleaching powder show bleaching action?

Question # 30

Explain the preparation of NaOH by Nelson cell. Also give the major problems and their solution in the working of the cell.

Question # 31

Explain the purification of water through coagulation process.

Question # 32

Name the components of environment. Give approximate composition of atmosphere and lithosphere.

Question # 33

How ethyl alcohol is obtained by the fermentation of molasses and starch?

Question # 34

Define functional group. Name typical function a groups containing oxygen.

Question # 35

What is meant by orientation? Why certain substituent’s ortho and pin directive and others arc meta directive give one example of each.

Question # 36

Discuss the role of gypsum in agriculture.


How does gypsum change into Plaster of Pans?

Question # 37

Show four reactions in which lithium behaves different from elements of its own group.


Compare the chemical behavior of lithium with magnesium?

Question # 38

Grignard reagent is a reactive organic compound. Briefly discuss the reactivity and structure of Grignard reagent

One comment

  1. very good notes 12 Class English Notes Book 2 (2nd year,FSCICS,F.A,ICOM, Part 2) pdf download

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