National Symbols and Things of Pakistan
Pakistan has several official national symbols (National Symbols and Things of Pakistan) including a historic document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, a memorial tower as well as several national heroes. The symbols were adopted at various stages in the existence of Pakistan and there are various rules and regulations governing their definition or use. The oldest symbol is the Lahore Resolution, adopted by the All India Muslim League on 23 March 1940, and which presented the official demand for the creation of a separate country for the Muslims of India. The Minar-e-Pakistan memorial tower which was built in 1968 on the site where the Lahore Resolution was passed. The national flag was adopted just before independence was achieved on 14 August 1947. The national anthem and the state emblem were each adopted in 1954. There are also several other symbols including the national animal, bird, flower and tree.
National Flag of Pakistan
The national flag of Pakistan was adopted in its present form during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on August 11, 1947, just three days before the country’s independence, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of Pakistan.It was afterwards retained by the current day Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The flag is a green field with a white crescent moon and five-rayed star at its center, and a vertical white stripe at the hoist side. Though the green color is mandated only as ‘dark green’, its official and most consistent representation is Pakistan green, which is shaded distinctively darker. The flag was designed by Amiruddin Kidwai, and is based on the All-India Muslim League flag.
State Emblem of Pakistan
The state emblem of Pakistan was adopted in 1954 and symbolizes Pakistan’s ideological foundation, the basis of its economy, its cultural heritage and its guiding principles.The four components of the emblem are a crescent and star crest above a shield, which is surrounded by a wreath, below which is a scroll. The crest and the green colour of the emblem are traditional symbols of Islam. The quartered shield in the centre shows cotton, wheat, tea and jute, which were the major crops of Pakistan at independence and signify the agricultural base of the economy. The floral wreath, surrounding the shield, is the Jasminum officinale (the National flower) and represents the floral designs used in traditional Mughal art and emphasizes the cultural heritage of Pakistan. The scroll supporting the shield contains Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s motto in Urdu, which reads from right to left: (ایمان، اتحاد، نظم) “Iman, Ittihad, Naẓm” translated as “Faith, Unity, Discipline” and were intended as the guiding principles for Pakistan. The state/province emblem of AJK carries the crescent and star, mountains, and the maple leaf, which is reflective of the abundance of this tree within the state.
National Anthem of Pakistan
The Qaumi Taranah قومی ترانہ, Qoumi Tarane “National Anthem”, also known as Pak Sarzamin پاک سرزمین, “The Sacred Land”, is the national anthem of Pakistan. Its music was composed by Ahmad G. Chagla in 1949, preceding the lyrics, which were written by Hafeez Jullundhri in 1952. It was officially adopted as Pakistan’s national anthem in August 1954.
In Roman Urdu
Pak sar zamin shad bad
Kisware haseen shad bad
Tu nishane azmealishan
Markaz e yaqin shadbad.
Pak sarzamin ka nizam,
quwat e akhuwat e awam
Qaum, mulk, sultanat
Painda tabinda bad,
shad bad manzal e murad.
Parcham e sitara o hilal
Rahbar e tarraqi o kamal
Tarjuman e mazi shan e hal
Sayyai, Khudae zul jalal.
Blessed be sacred land,
Happy be bounteous relam,
Symbol of high resolve,
Land of Pakistan.
Blessed be thou citadel of faith.
The Order of this Sacred Land
Is the might of the brotherhood of the people.
May the nation, the country, and the State
Shine in glory everlasting.
Blessed be the goal of our ambition.
This flag of the Cresent and the Star
Leads the way to progress and perfection,
Interpreter of our past,
glory of our present,
Inspiration of our future,
Symbol of Almighty’s protection
National Language of Pakistan
Urdu is the national language of Pakistan. It is a mixture of Persian, Arabic and various local languages. It is similar to Hindi but written in Arabic script.
Father of the Pakistani Nation
Quaid-e-Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born on 25th December 1876 at Vazeer Mansion Karachi. Jinnah was sent to the Sindh Madrasah High School in 1887. Later he attended the Mission High School, where, at the age of 16, he passed the matriculation examination.
Mother of the Pakistani Nation
Fatima Jinnah (July 30, 1893 — July 8, 1967) was the younger sister of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and an active political figure in the movement for independence from the British Raj. She is commonly known in Pakistan as Khatun-e Pakistan (Lady of Pakistan”) and Mader-e Millat (“Mother of the Nation.”) She was born in Karachi, (in the part of British India that later became Pakistan). She was an instrumental figure in the Pakistan movement and the primary organizer of the All India Muslim Women Students Federation. After the formation of Pakistan and the death of her brother, she remained an active member of the nation’s politics. She continued to work for the welfare of the Pakistani people until she died in Karachi on July 8, 1967.
National Poet of Pakistan
Sir Muhammad Iqbal محمد اقبال (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), widely known as Allama Iqbal علامہ اقبال, was a philosopher, poet and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.
National Masjid of Pakistan
The Faisal Mosque فیصل مسجد is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the national capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay, shaped like a desert Bedouin’s tent, is an iconic symbol of Islamabad throughout the world.
National Monuments of Pakistan
The Pakistan Monument in Islamabad, Pakistan, is a national monument representing the nation’s four provinces and three territories. After a competition among many renowned architects, Arif Masood’s plan was selected for the final design. The blooming flower shape of the monument represents Pakistan’s progress as a rapidly developing country. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh), while the three smaller petals represent the three territories (Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas). The Monument has been designed to reflect the culture and civilization of the country and depicts the story of the Pakistan Movement, dedicated to those who sacrificed themselves for future generations.
National Library of Pakistan
The National Library of Pakistan, is located at Constitution Avenue, Islamabad, Pakistan. The building has space for 500 readers as well as 15 research rooms, an 450-seat auditorium, and computer and microfilm services. At its opening in 1993, the library owned a collection of 130,000 volumes and 600 manuscripts. Like many other national libraries, the National Library of Pakistan is a copyright deposit library, and since 1967 it has received a copy of every book published in Pakistan. The National Bibliographic Unit, a subdivision of the Library, publishes lists of these titles as the Pakistan National Bibliography.
National Mausoleum of Pakistan
Mazar-e-Quaid مزار قائد or the National Mausoleum refers to the tomb of the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It is an iconic symbol of Karachi throughout the world. The mausoleum was completed in the 1960s. It is situated at the heart of the city. It is the last rest place of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
National Dress of Pakistan
The shalwar kameez is the national dress of Pakistan and is worn by men and women in all four provinces Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa and FATA in the country and in Azad Kashmir.
National Sports of Pakistan
Field Hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. Pakistan has been one of the most successful teams in international competitions, having won a world record four Hockey World Cup titles. With 338 goals.
National Animal of Pakistan
The markhor (Capra falconeri; Pashto: مرغومی marǧūmay; Persian/Urdu: مارخور) is a large species of wild goat that is found in northeastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan and northern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), some parts of Azad Kashmir and Jammu and Kashmir, southern Tajikistan and southern Uzbekistan. The species is classed by the IUCN as Endangered, as there are fewer than 2,500 mature individuals and the numbers have continued to decline by an estimated 20% over two generations. The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan.
National Bird of Pakistan
National Bird of Pakistan. The Chukar (Alectoris chukar) is a Eurasian upland game bird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. Its native habitat ranges in Asia from Pakistan and Kashmir, India and Afghanistan.
National Flower of Pakistan
Jasmine or Gardenia is the national flower of Pakistan. Jasmine is a genus of shrubs and vines in the olive family (Oleaceae). It contains around 200 species native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Jasmines are widely cultivated for the characteristic fragrance of their flowers. A number of unrelated plants contain the word ‘Jasmine’ in their common names (see Other plants called ‘Jasmine’)
National Tree of Pakistan
Deodar or Himalayan Cedar (Cedrus Deodara) is the National tree of Pakistan. It is a species of cedar native to the western Himalaya in eastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, Kashmir, Tibet and western Nepal, occurring at 1500-3200 m altitude. It is a large evergreen coniferous tree reaching 40-50 m tall, exceptionally 60 m, with a trunk up to 3 m diameter.
National Drink of Pakistan
Sugar cane juice is the national drink of Pakistan, where it is called roh and more commonly referred to as “gunney ka rus(meaning Sugarcane Juice)”. It is sold by roadside vendors, where the juice is squeezed fresh when ordered. It is sold in glasses with or without ice. Very often a hint of ginger and lemon is added, along with optional salt or pepper.
National Fruit of Pakistan
National Fruit Of Pakistan. Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae.
Tower of Pakistan
Minar-e-Pakistan مینارِ پاکستان Minar-e-Pakistan, literally “Tower of Pakistan” is a public monument located in Iqbal Park which is one of the largest urban parks in Pakistan in Lahore, Pakistan. The tower was constructed during the 1960s on the site where, on 23 March 1940, the All-India Muslim League passed the Lahore Resolution, the first official call for a separate homeland for the Muslims living in the South Asia, in accordance with the two nation theory.