Which are the two main kinds of rice in the world?

Which are the two main kinds of rice in the world?

There are three main varieties of Oryza sativa:

Indica: The indica variety is long-grained, for example Basmati rice, grown notably on the Indian sub-continent.

Japonica: Japonica rice is short-grained and high in amylopectin (thus becoming “sticky” when cooked), and is grown mainly in more temperate or colder regions such as Japan.

Javonica: Javonica rice is broad-grained and grown in tropical climates.

Source: http://www.patentlens.net/daisy/RiceGenome/2697.html

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